Treatments for lymphoma of the eye
Lymphoma of the eye can affect the inside of the eyeball (called intraocular lymphoma), the conjunctiva (a clear
Radiation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Radiation therapy is a main treatment for lymphoma of the eye. It is usually given as external beam radiation therapy. And it is usually given to both eyes since lymphoma of the eye may eventually develop in the other eye. Radiation therapy may also be given to the brain and spinal cord to destroy any cancer cells that may have spread to these organs.
Sometimes chemotherapy is given at the same time as radiation therapy to treat lymphoma of the eye. This is called chemoradiation.
Chemotherapy is a main treatment for lymphoma of the eye. It may be:
- given by vein (intravenously) as a systemic chemotherapy
- given through the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (called cerebrospinal fluid or CSF) as an intrathecal chemotherapy
- injected directly into the eye as an intraocular chemotherapy
- applied to the surface of the eye as a topical chemotherapy
The type of chemotherapy drug given to treat lymphoma of the eye depends on the exact type of lymphoma. They include:
- procarbazine (Matulane)
- vincristine (Oncovin)
- thiotepa (ThioTEPA)
- cytarabine (Cytosar, Ara-C)
- mitomycin (Mutamycin)
- 5-fluorouracil (Adrucil, 5-FU)
Sometimes radiation therapy is given at the same time as chemotherapy to treat lymphoma of the eye. This is called chemoradiation.
Targeted therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Targeted therapy is sometimes given to treat lymphoma of the eye. Targeted therapies may be:
- given by vein (intravenously) as a systemic therapy
- injected directly into the eye as an intraocular therapy
Targeted therapy drugs used to treat lymphoma of the eye include:
- rituximab (Rituxan)
- ibritumomab (Zevalin)
Surgery is sometimes used to treat lymphoma of the conjunctiva. The types of surgery include:
- eye resection
Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A) is an immunotherapy drug that is sometimes used to treat lymphoma of the eye. It is usually given in a drop applied directly to the eye. Applying the drug to the surface of the eye is called a topical therapy.
If you can’t have or don’t want cancer treatment @(Model.HeadingTag)>
You may want to consider a type of care to make you feel better without treating the cancer itself. This may be because the cancer treatments don’t work anymore, they’re not likely to improve your condition or they may cause side effects that are hard to cope with. There may also be other reasons why you can’t have or don’t want cancer treatment.
Talk to your healthcare team. They can help you choose care and treatment for advanced cancer.
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
American Cancer Society. Eye Cancer (Melanoma and Lymphoma). Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society; 2014: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003100-pdf.pdf.
Finger PT. Intraocular Lymphoma. 2016: http://www.eyecancer.com/conditions/29/intraocular-lymphoma.
Menon-Mehta S. Ocular lymphoma. 2015: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1219134-overview#a4.
National Cancer Institute. Primary CNS Lymphoma Treatment - Patient Version (PDQ®). Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; 2015: http://www.cancer.gov/types/lymphoma/patient/primary-cns-lymphoma-treatment-pdq#section/all.
National Cancer Institute. Primary CNS Lymphoma Treatment - Health Professional Version (PDQ®). Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; 2015: http://www.cancer.gov/types/lymphoma/hp/primary-cns-lymphoma-treatment-pdq#section/all.
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre. Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Clinical Practice Guidelines: Ocular Oncology - Conjunctival Malignancy. 2015: http://www.uhn.ca/PrincessMargaret/Health_Professionals/Programs_Departments/Central_Nervous_System_Eye/Documents/CPG_Ocular_ConjunctivalMalignancy.pdf.