Laryngeal cancer

What is laryngeal cancer?

Laryngeal cancer starts in the cells that line the larynx. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks in our guide to laryngeal cancer.

Risk factors for laryngeal cancer

Risk factors for laryngeal cancer include smoking, alcohol, smoking and alcohol combined, asbestos and sulphuric acid. Learn about laryngeal cancer risk.

Symptoms of laryngeal cancer

Symptoms of laryngeal cancer include hoarseness lasting longer than a few weeks and changes in the voice. Learn about the symptoms of laryngeal cancer.

Diagnosis of laryngeal cancer

Tests to diagnose laryngeal cancer, such as endoscopy, are done when symptoms are present. Learn about diagnosing laryngeal cancer.

Grading laryngeal cancer

Grading is a way of classifying laryngeal cancer cells based on their appearance and behaviour when viewed under a microscope. To find out the grade of a tumour, the biopsy sample is examined under a microscope. A grade is given based on how the cancer cells look and behave compared with normal cells.

Stages of laryngeal cancer

Staging is a way of describing or classifying a cancer based on the extent of cancer in the body. The most common staging system for laryngeal cancer is the TNM system. The International Union Against Cancer (UICC) uses the TNM system to describe the extent of many solid tumour cancers.

If laryngeal cancer spreads

Cancer cells have the potential to spread from the larynx to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Metastases are also called secondary tumours.

Prognosis and survival for laryngeal cancer

People with laryngeal cancer may have questions about their prognosis and survival. Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor familiar with your medical history, type of cancer, stage, characteristics of the cancer, treatments chosen and response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.

Treatments for laryngeal cancer

Treatments for laryngeal cancer include radiation, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Learn about treatment plans and options for laryngeal cancer.

Supportive care for laryngeal cancer

Supportive care helps people meet the physical, practical, emotional and spiritual challenges of laryngeal cancer. It is an important part of cancer care. There are many programs and services available to help meet the needs and improve the quality of life of people living with cancer and their loved ones, especially after treatment has ended.

Research in head and neck cancer

Learn more about head and neck cancer research including reducing risk, diagnosis and prognosis, treatment and supportive care.

Laryngeal cancer statistics

The number of men and women diagnosed with laryngeal cancer is decreasing in Canada. Learn about statistics for cancer of the larynx.