Laryngeal cancer

What is laryngeal cancer?

Laryngeal cancer starts in the cells that line the larynx. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks in our guide to laryngeal cancer.

Risk factors for laryngeal cancer

Risk factors for laryngeal cancer include smoking, alcohol, smoking and alcohol combined, asbestos and sulphuric acid. Learn about laryngeal cancer risk.

Symptoms of laryngeal cancer

Symptoms of laryngeal cancer include hoarseness lasting longer than a few weeks and changes in the voice. Learn about the symptoms of laryngeal cancer.

Diagnosis of laryngeal cancer

Tests to diagnose laryngeal cancer, such as endoscopy, are done when symptoms are present. Learn about diagnosing laryngeal cancer.

Grading laryngeal cancer

Grading is a way of classifying laryngeal cancer cells based on their appearance and behaviour when viewed under a microscope. To find out the grade of a tumour, the biopsy sample is examined under a microscope. A grade is given based on how the cancer cells look and behave compared with normal cells.

Stages of laryngeal cancer

Staging is a way of describing or classifying a cancer based on the extent of cancer in the body. The most common staging system for laryngeal cancer is the TNM system. The International Union Against Cancer (UICC) uses the TNM system to describe the extent of many solid tumour cancers.

If laryngeal cancer spreads

Cancer cells have the potential to spread from the larynx to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Metastases are also called secondary tumours.

Prognosis and survival for laryngeal cancer

Learn about prognosis for laryngeal cancer. Important prognostic factors include stage and location of the tumour.

Treatments for laryngeal cancer

Treatments for laryngeal cancer include radiation, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Learn about treatment plans and options for laryngeal cancer.

Supportive care for laryngeal cancer

Supportive care helps people meet the physical, practical, emotional and spiritual challenges of laryngeal cancer. It is an important part of cancer care. There are many programs and services available to help meet the needs and improve the quality of life of people living with cancer and their loved ones, especially after treatment has ended.

Research in head and neck cancer

Learn more about head and neck cancer research including reducing risk, diagnosis and prognosis, treatment and supportive care.

Head and neck cancer statistics

Statistics for head and neck cancer include laryngeal cancer. The number of people diagnosed with laryngeal cancer is decreasing in Canada.