Follow-up after treatment for childhood Hodgkin lymphoma
Follow-up after treatment is an important part of cancer care. Follow-up for childhood Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is often shared among the cancer specialists and your family doctor or pediatrician. Follow-up may also include audiologists, speech-language pathologists, dentists, eye doctors, nurses and psychologists. Your child’s healthcare team will work with you to decide on follow-up care to meet your child’s needs.
Follow-up is important because there is a chance the cancer can come back (recur) and late side effects from treatment can develop. Initial follow-up focuses on checking to see if HL has come back and making sure that the child has recovered from treatment. In the long term, follow-up looks for late effects of treatment for HL. People who have a childhood cancer may be followed in aftercare programs for life. The Children’s Oncology Group (COG) provides long-term follow-up guidelines for childhood cancer survivors. Some centres across Canada have transition clinics set up to follow the survivors of childhood cancer. These clinics help prepare survivors who are reaching early adulthood to successfully manage their own healthcare.
Don’t wait until the next scheduled appointment to report any new symptoms and symptoms that don’t go away. Tell the healthcare team if your child has:
- swollen (enlarged) lymph nodes
- enlarged abdomen
- painful abdomen
- shortness of breath
- chronic cough
- nasal stuffiness
- nausea and vomiting
The chance that childhood HL will come back is greatest within the first 2 years after treatment, so close follow-up is needed during this time.
Schedule for follow-up visits @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Follow-up visits for childhood HL are usually scheduled:
- every 3 to 4 months for the first few years after treatment
- every 6 months for up to 5 years after treatment
During follow-up visits @(Model.HeadingTag)>
During a follow-up visit, the healthcare team usually asks questions about the side effects of treatment and how the child is coping. The doctor may do a complete physical exam, including:
- feeling the lymph nodes
- examining the abdomen, thyroid and skin
- examining the nervous system
- examining the heart and lungs
- checking the blood pressure and growth of the child
Test are often part of follow-up care. Your child may have:
- blood tests to check for thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxine (T4) levels and certain hormone levels such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone and estrogen
- blood tests to check erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and complete blood count (CBC)
- blood chemistry tests to show how well certain organs are working
- urine tests
- imaging tests such as a chest x-ray, CT scan, MRI, PET scan or PET-CT scan
- heart function tests, such as an echocardiogram (echo) or electrocardiogram (ECG), for children who have had doxorubicin (Adriamycin) or radiation to the chest (mediastinum) or both
Questions to ask about follow-up @(Model.HeadingTag)>
American Cancer Society. Hodgkin Disease. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society; 2013.
de Alarcon, Pedro A. Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment and Management. 2017: http://emedicine.medscape.com/.
Hendershot, E . Hodgkin's disease. Tomlinson, D. & Kline, N. E. Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Advanced Clinical Handbook. Germany: Springer; 2005: 2.1: pp.26-30.
Lona Roll . Hodgkin Disease. Baggott C, Fochtman D, Foley GV & Patterson Kelly, K (eds.). Nursing Care of Children and Adolsecents with Cancer and Blood Disorders. 4th ed. APHON; 2011: 28:pp.. 1013-1022.
Hodgkin lymphoma in children. Macmillan Cancer Support. Macmillan Cancer Support. London, UK: Macmillan Cancer Support; 2012.
Metzger M, et al . Hodgkin lymphoma. Pizzo, P. A. & Poplack, D. G. (Eds.). Principles and Practice of Pediatric Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011: 22:pp. 638-662.
Introduction to Long-term Follow-Up after Treatment for Childhood, Adolescent, or Young Adult Cancer. National Childhood Cancer Foundation & Children's Oncology Group. CureSearch. Bethesda, MD: 2006.
National Childhood Cancer Foundation & Children's Oncology Group. Long-Term Follow-Up Guidelines Appendix II Patient Education Materials Health Links. Bethesda, MD: 2006.