How the bladder works @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Urine is made by the
Other tissue that separates the bladder from other organs are:
- serosa – a thin membrane that covers the top part of the bladder
- adventitia – loose connective tissue that covers areas of the bladder where there is no serosa
- perivesical fat – a layer of fat surrounding the bladder
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American Cancer Society . About Bladder Cancer . 2016 : https://www.cancer.org/.
American Society of Clinical Oncology . Bladder Cancer . 2017 : https://www.cancer.net/.
Martini FH, Timmons MJ, Tallitsch RB. Human Anatomy. 7th ed. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings; 2012.
National Cancer Institute . Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version . 2018 : https://www.cancer.gov/.
Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER), National Cancer Institute . SEER Training Modules: Anatomy of the Bladder . Bethesda, MD : National Cancer Institute ; https://training.seer.cancer.gov/index.html.