Bladder cancer

What is bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer starts in the cells of the bladder. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks in our guide to bladder cancer.

Risks for bladder cancer

Any substance or condition that increases the chance of getting cancer is referred to as a risk. The most important risks for bladder cancer are smoking and contact with chemicals at work. Learn about bladder cancer risk.

Symptoms of bladder cancer

Symptoms of bladder cancer can include blood in the urine and problems passing urine. Learn about the symptoms of bladder cancer.

Diagnosis of bladder cancer

Tests to diagnose bladder cancer, such as cystoscopy, are done when symptoms or routine tests suggest a problem. Learn about diagnosis of bladder cancer.

Grading bladder cancer

Grading bladder cancer is an important part in planning treatment and estimating prognosis. Learn about the grades of bladder cancer.

Stages of bladder cancer

Staging describes how much cancer there is in the body. Learn about the stages of bladder cancer by the TNM (tumour size, lymph node, metastasis) system.

If bladder cancer spreads

Cancer can spread from the bladder to other parts of the body. This is called metastasis. Learn about common sites where bladder cancer can spread.

Prognosis and survival for bladder cancer

Learn about prognosis for bladder cancer. Important prognostic factors include stage and lymph node status. Tumour size, grade and type are also factors.

Treatments for bladder cancer

Treatments for bladder cancer include surgery, immunotherapy, chemotherapy and radiation. Learn about treatment plans and options for bladder cancer.

Supportive care for bladder cancer

Supportive care helps people cope with the physical and emotional aspects of bladder cancer. Learn how to cope with the long-term effects of bladder cancer.

Research in bladder cancer

Researchers and healthcare professionals take the knowledge gained from research studies and use it to develop better practices that will help prevent, find and treat bladder cancer. It is also used to improve the quality of life of people with bladder cancer.

Bladder cancer statistics

Bladder cancer is more common in Canadian men than women. The number of new cases and deaths are estimated for all Canadians.