Risk factors for bladder cancer
Any substance or condition that increases the chance of getting cancer is referred to as a risk. The most important risk factors for bladder cancer are smoking and exposure to chemicals at work. Learn about bladder cancer risk.
Diagnosis of bladder cancer
Tests to diagnose bladder cancer, such as cystoscopy, are done when symptoms or routine tests suggest a problem. Learn about diagnosis of bladder cancer.
Stages of bladder cancer
Staging describes how much cancer there is in the body. Learn about the stages of bladder cancer by the TNM (tumour size, lymph node, metastasis) system.
If bladder cancer spreads
Cancer can spread from the bladder to other parts of the body. This is called metastasis. Learn about common sites where bladder cancer can spread.
Prognosis and survival for bladder cancer
Learn about prognosis for bladder cancer. Important prognostic factors include stage and lymph node status. Tumour size, grade and type are also factors.
Treatments for bladder cancer
Treatments for bladder cancer include surgery, immunotherapy, chemotherapy and radiation. Learn about treatment plans and options for bladder cancer.
Supportive care for bladder cancer
Supportive care helps people cope with the physical and emotional aspects of bladder cancer. Learn how to cope with the long-term effects of bladder cancer.
Research in bladder cancer
Researchers and healthcare professionals take the knowledge gained from research studies and use it to develop better practices that will help prevent, find and treat bladder cancer. It is also used to improve the quality of life of people with bladder cancer.