Treatments for anal cancer

If you have anal cancer, your healthcare team will create a treatment plan just for you. It will be based on your needs and specific information about the cancer. When deciding which treatments to offer for anal cancer, your healthcare team will consider:

  • the stage of the cancer
  • the size and location of the tumour
  • your general health
  • your personal preferences

Expert review and references

Treatments for stage 0 anal cancer

Surgery is the main treatment for stage 0 anal cancer. Learn about treatments for stage 0 anal cancer.

Treatments for stage 1 anal cancer

Surgery or chemoradiation is the main treatment for stage 1 anal cancer. Learn about treatments, including radiation, chemotherapy and surgery.

Treatments for stage 2 anal cancer

Chemoradiation is the main treatment for stage 2 anal cancer. Learn about treatments, including radiation, chemotherapy and surgery.

Treatments for stage 3 anal cancer

Chemoradiation is the main treatment for stage 3 anal cancer. Learn about treatments, including radiation, chemotherapy and surgery.

Treatments for stage 4 anal cancer

Chemotherapy, chemoradiation and surgery are treatment options for stage 4 anal cancer. Learn about treatments for stage 4 anal cancer.

Treatments for recurrent anal cancer

Treatment of recurrent anal cancer depends mainly on where the cancer recurs and past treatment. Learn about treatments for local and distant recurrence.

Radiation therapy for anal cancer

Radiation therapy is often used to treat anal cancer. It is usually given as a part of chemoradiation. Learn about radiation therapy and its side effects.

Chemotherapy for anal cancer

Chemotherapy is often used to treat anal cancer. It is usually given as a part of chemoradiation. Learn about the chemotherapy drugs used and side effects.

Surgery for anal cancer

Surgery is used to treat anal cancer. Learn about wide local excision, abdominoperineal resection, lymph node dissection and side effects of surgery.

Follow-up after treatment for anal cancer

Follow-up after anal cancer treatment is important. Learn when follow-up appointments are scheduled and the exams and tests that may be done.