Treatments for stage 3 penile cancer
Surgery is the main treatment for stage 3 penile cancer. The types of surgery used are:
Partial or total penectomy is surgery that removes part or all of the penis.
Lymph node dissection may be used to remove lymph nodes that have cancer.
Radiation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
You may be offered radiation therapy for stage 3 penile cancer. The type of radiation therapy is external beam radiation therapy. Radiation therapy may be given:
- to the penis
- to the groin area to treat lymph nodes
- at the same time as chemotherapy
- after surgery (
- instead of surgery for men who are unable to have surgery or choose not to
Drug therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Chemotherapy is sometimes offered for stage 3 penile cancer. Chemotherapy may be given:
- at the same time as radiation therapy (called chemoradiation)
- before surgery to shrink the tumour
- after surgery
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
American Cancer Society. Penile Cancer. 2015: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003132-pdf.pdf.
BC Cancer Agency. Penis. BC Cancer Agency; 2015: http://www.bccancer.bc.ca/health-info/types-of-cancer/mens-cancer/penis.
National Cancer Institute. Penile Cancer Treatment (PDQ®). 2016: http://www.cancer.gov/types/penile/patient/penile-treatment-pdq.
National Cancer Institute. Penile Cancer Treatment for Health Professionals (PDQ®). 2016: http://www.cancer.gov/types/penile/hp/penile-treatment-pdq.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Penile Cancer (Version 2.2016). http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp.
Richter S, Ruether JD, Wood L, Canil C, Moretto P, et al . Management of carcinoma of the penis: consensus statement from the Canadian Association of Genitourinary Medical Oncologists (CAGMO). Canadian Urological Association Journal. 2013.