Treatments for stage 1 penile cancer
Surgery is the main treatment for stage I penile cancer. It is often the only treatment needed for stage I penile cancers.
Circumcision removes the foreskin of the penis. It may be used for penile cancer that is only on the foreskin.
Mohs surgery removes the cancer in layers, little by little, until no cancer remains.
Wide local excision removes the tumour along with a margin of normal tissue around it.
Glansectomy is surgery to remove the head (glans) of the penis.
Partial penectomy removes part of the penis.
Radiation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
You may be offered radiation therapy for stage I penile cancer if you do not want to have surgery. Radiation therapy may be given as brachytherapy or external beam radiation therapy.
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Alberta Health Services. Penile Cancer Clinical Practice Guideline GU-006. Alberta Health Services; 2012: http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/assets/info/hp/cancer/if-hp-cancer-guide-gu006-penile.pdf.
American Cancer Society. Penile Cancer. 2015: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003132-pdf.pdf.
BC Cancer Agency. Penis. BC Cancer Agency; 2015: http://www.bccancer.bc.ca/health-info/types-of-cancer/mens-cancer/penis.
Brosman, SA. Medscape Reference: Penile Cancer. 2015: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/446554-overview.
National Cancer Institute. Penile Cancer Treatment (PDQ®). 2016: http://www.cancer.gov/types/penile/patient/penile-treatment-pdq.
National Cancer Institute. Penile Cancer Treatment for Health Professionals (PDQ®). 2016: http://www.cancer.gov/types/penile/hp/penile-treatment-pdq.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Penile Cancer (Version 2.2016). http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp.
Richter S, Ruether JD, Wood L, Canil C, Moretto P, et al . Management of carcinoma of the penis: consensus statement from the Canadian Association of Genitourinary Medical Oncologists (CAGMO). Canadian Urological Association Journal. 2013.