Treatments for childhood bone cancer

If your child has bone cancer, the healthcare team will create a treatment plan just for your child. It will be based on your child’s needs and may include a combination of different treatments. When deciding which treatments to offer for childhood bone cancer, your child’s healthcare team will consider a number of factors including the type, location, stage and size of the bone tumour.

Each province in Canada has a centre with highly trained pediatric oncologists, other support staff and specialists to give the best treatments possible for your child. Childhood cancer is rare, and to provide the best therapies available to children with cancer, pediatric oncologists at Canadian hospitals participate in an organization called Children’s Oncology Group (COG). COG is responsible for finding the best ways to treat children with cancer. Through COG, pediatric oncologists receive information about new treatment protocols and improvements to existing protocols as soon as they are known.

Osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma of the bone are treated differently. Other rare types of bone cancer are treated in different ways. Talk to your child’s healthcare team about treatment options for rare bone tumours.

Expert review and references

Treatments for childhood osteosarcoma

Treatments for childhood osteosarcoma are based on stage. Treatments used include chemotherapy and surgery. Learn about treatment options.

Treatments for childhood Ewing sarcoma of the bone

Treatments for childhood Ewing sarcoma of the bone are based on stage. Treatments include chemotherapy, surgery and radiation. Learn about treatment options.

Surgery for childhood bone cancer

Most children with bone cancer will have surgery. Learn about the types of surgery, deciding which type of surgery is best and the side effects of surgery.

Chemotherapy for childhood bone cancer

Most children with bone cancer will have chemotherapy. Learn about chemotherapy drugs used to treat childhood bone cancer and the side effects of chemotherapy.

Radiation therapy for childhood bone cancer

Radiation is not commonly used to treat childhood Ewing sarcoma of the bone. Learn when and how radiation therapy is used and the side effects of radiation.

Follow-up after treatment for childhood bone cancer

Follow-up after childhood bone cancer treatment varies. Learn about scheduled follow-up appointments and the procedures that may be done.

Late effects of treatments for childhood bone cancer

Adjusting to life after treatment for childhood bone cancer is different for each child. Learn how to cope with the late effects of treatments.