If childhood bone cancer spreads
Cancer cells can spread from the bone to other parts of the body. This spread is called a metastasis.
Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your child’s healthcare team plan your child’s treatment and future care.
During and after treatment, diagnostic tests will be done to detect early evidence of spread to other organs. The most common site of spread of Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma is the lungs, but bone cancer rarely spreads to other bones.
Ewing sarcoma can also spread to the bone marrow, brain and lymph nodes.
Osteosarcoma can also spread to the brain.
American Cancer Society. Osteosarcoma. 2015: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003129-pdf.pdf.
American Cancer Society. Ewing Family of Tumors. 2014: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003099-pdf.pdf.
American Society of Clinical Oncology. Osteosarcoma - Childhood. 2014: http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/osteosarcoma-childhood/view-all.
American Society of Clinical Oncology. Ewing Sarcoma - Childhood. 2014: http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/ewing-sarcoma-childhood/view-all.
Hendershot, E . Ewing's Sarcoma Family of Tumors. Tomlinson, D. & Kline, N. E. Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Advanced Clinical Handbook. Germany: Springer; 2005: 2.3: pp. 37-41.
Hendershot, E . Osteosarcoma. Tomlinson, D. & Kline, N. E. Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Advanced Clinical Handbook. Germany: Springer; 2005: 2.4: pp. 41-44.