What is vaginal cancer?
American Cancer Society. Vaginal Cancer. 2014: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003146-pdf.pdf.
Bardawil T. Vaginal Cancer. 2015: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/269188-overview.
Levine DA, Dizon DS, Yashar CM, Barakat RR, Berchuch A, Markman M, Randall ME. Handbook for Principles and Practice of Gynecologic Oncology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer; 2015.
Martini FH, Timmons MJ, Tallitsch RB. Human Anatomy. 7th ed. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings; 2012.
Cancerous tumours of the vagina
Malignant tumours of the vagina are cancerous growths that have the potential to spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Primary vaginal cancer is not common. When cancer is found in the vagina it has more often started in other organs (most often the cervix or vulva) and spread to the vagina.
Precancerous conditions of the vagina
Precancerous conditions of the vagina have the potential to develop into vaginal cancer. They are abnormal changes (called dysplasia) that have taken place in the cells of the vagina. Over time, some of these precancerous changes can turn into cancer if left untreated.