Treatments for stage 3 thymus cancer
Surgery is usually done for stage 3 thymus cancer. It may be the first treatment, or it may be done after chemotherapy or after chemoradiation (chemotherapy given at the same time as radiation therapy). A total thymectomy is done to completely remove the thymus. Cancer that has grown into tissue around the thymus is removed at the same time.
Radiation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Radiation therapy is usually offered for stage 3 thymus cancer. External radiation therapy may be used:
- after surgery to lower the risk that the cancer will come back (recur)
- at the same time as chemotherapy and before surgery to shrink the tumour
- alone or at the same time as chemotherapy when surgery can’t be done
You may be offered chemotherapy for stage 3 thymus cancer. It can be used before surgery to shrink the tumour or when surgery can’t be done. A chemotherapy combination with cisplatin (Platinol AQ) is usually used, either alone or at the same time as radiation therapy.
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Alberta Health Services. Thymic Neoplasms Clinical Practice Guideline LU-008 (Version 2). 2012: http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/assets/info/hp/cancer/if-hp-cancer-guide-lu008-thymic.pdf.
Cameron RB, Loehrer PJ, Lee PP . Neoplasms of the mediastinum. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015: 43:560-569.
Cancer Care Ontario. Evidence-Based Series 7-11: The Management of Thymoma - Guideline Recommendations (Summary). Version 2 ed. 2014: https://www.cancercare.on.ca/common/pages/UserFile.aspx?fileId=14168.
National Cancer Institute. Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. 2015: https://www.cancer.gov/types/thymoma/hp/thymoma-treatment-pdq.
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre. Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Clinical Practice Guidelines: Lung Site - Thymoma. 2015: http://www.uhn.ca/PrincessMargaret/Health_Professionals/Programs_Departments/Documents/CPG_Lung_Thymoma%20.pdf.