Treatments for stage 2 thymus cancer
Surgery is the main treatment for stage 2 thymus cancer. It may be the only treatment needed. A total thymectomy is done to completely remove the thymus. Any cancer that has grown into tissue around the thymus is removed at the same time.
Radiation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
You may be offered radiation therapy after surgery for stage 2 thymus cancer. External radiation therapy may be used if there is a high risk that the cancer will come back (recur), such as if:
- the cancer was not completely removed by surgery
- there is cancer in the surgical
marginor close to it
- the cancer is classified as World Health Organization (WHO) type B1, B2 or B3
- the tumour is attached to the
External radiation therapy may also be used after surgery for thymic carcinoma or when surgery can’t be done. It may be given at the same time as chemotherapy. This is called chemoradiation.
Chemotherapy is not usually offered for stage 2 thymus cancer. But it may be used after surgery for thymic carcinoma or when surgery can’t be done. A chemotherapy combination, often with cisplatin (Platinol AQ), may be used alone or given at the same time as radiation therapy (called chemoradiation).
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Alberta Health Services. Thymic Neoplasms Clinical Practice Guideline LU-008 (Version 2). 2012: http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/assets/info/hp/cancer/if-hp-cancer-guide-lu008-thymic.pdf.
Cameron RB, Loehrer PJ, Lee PP . Neoplasms of the mediastinum. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015: 43:560-569.
Cancer Care Ontario. Evidence-Based Series 7-11: The Management of Thymoma - Guideline Recommendations (Summary). Version 2 ed. 2014: https://www.cancercare.on.ca/common/pages/UserFile.aspx?fileId=14168.
National Cancer Institute. Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. 2015: https://www.cancer.gov/types/thymoma/hp/thymoma-treatment-pdq.
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre. Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Clinical Practice Guidelines: Lung Site - Thymoma. 2015: http://www.uhn.ca/PrincessMargaret/Health_Professionals/Programs_Departments/Documents/CPG_Lung_Thymoma%20.pdf.