If testicular cancer spreads
Cancer cells can spread from the testicle to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.
Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If testicular cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:
American Society of Clinical Oncology. Testicular Cancer: Stages. 2017: https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/testicular-cancer/stages.
Carver BS, Feldman DR . Staging of Testicular Cancer. Scardino PT, Lineham WM, Zelefsky MJ & Vogelzang NJ (eds.). Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011: 32:544-557.
National Cancer Institute. Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; 2018: https://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/hp/testicular-treatment-pdq.
Pagliaro LC and Logothetis CJ . Cancer of the testis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015: 70:988-1004.