If ovarian cancer spreads
Cancer cells can spread from the ovary to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.
Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If ovarian cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:
- fallopian tube
- other ovary
- omentum (a fold in the peritoneum that covers and supports organs and blood vessels in the abdomen)
- parietal peritoneum (the membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen and pelvis) or visceral peritoneum (the membrane that covers and supports most of the organs in the abdomen)
- diaphragm (the thin muscle below the lungs and heart that separates the chest cavity from the abdomen)
- lymph nodes in the pelvis and
- large intestine
- small intestine
Cannistra SA, Gershenson DM, Recht A . Ovarian cancer, fallopian tube carcinoma, and peritoneal carcinoma. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015: 76: 1075-1099.
Green AE. Ovarian Cancer. 2016: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255771-overview#showall.
National Cancer Institute. Ovarian Epithelial, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Treatment for Health Professionals (PDQ®). 2016: https://www.cancer.gov/types/ovarian/hp/ovarian-epithelial-treatment-pdq.