Treatments for stage A liver cancer
You may be offered a liver transplant if the cancer has not spread to the blood vessels in the liver.
Ablation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
You may be offered one of the following ablation therapies for stage A liver cancer.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) uses electrical currents to create heat to destroy cancer cells. You may be offered RFA if you are not healthy enough to have a liver transplant.
Microwave ablation (MWA) uses electromagnetic waves to create heat and destroy cancer cells.
Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) is a treatment that injects concentrated ethanol alcohol through a needle into a liver tumour. PEI may be offered if RFA and MWA are not possible because the tumours are near large blood vessels.
Other treatments @(Model.HeadingTag)>
If surgery and ablation therapy are not possible, you may be offered the following treatments.
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a treatment that blocks the blood supply to a liver tumour and delivers chemotherapy directly to the tumour.
Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) is a treatment that blocks the blood supply to a liver tumour and delivers radiation directly to the tumour.
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a type of radiation therapy that delivers very focused beams of high-dose radiation to liver tumours.
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
American Cancer Society. Liver Cancer. 2015: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003114-pdf.pdf.
Bruix J, Sherman M. AASLD Practice Guideline: Management of hepatocellular carcinoma: an update. 2010: http://www.aasld.org/practiceguidelines/Documents/Bookmarked%20Practice%20Guidelines/HCCUpdate2010.pdf.
National Cancer Institute. Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. 2015: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/adult-primary-liver/HealthProfessional/page1/AllPages.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). Hepatobiliary Cancers Version 2.2015. 2015: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp.
Sherman M, Burak K, Maroun J, Metrakos P, Knox JJ, Myers RP, Guindi M, et al . Multidisciplinary Canadian consensus recommendations for the management and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Current Oncology. 2011: http://www.current-oncology.com/index.php/oncology/article/view/952/737.