What is breast cancer?
American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer. 2015: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/index.
Foxson SB, Lattimer JG & Felder B . Breast cancer. Yarbro, CH, Wujcki D, & Holmes Gobel B. (eds.). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. 7th ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett; 2011: 48: pp. 1091-1145.
Martini FH, Timmons MJ, Tallitsch RB. Human Anatomy. 7th ed. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings; 2012.
Morrow M, Burstein HJ, and Harris JR . Malignant tumors of the breast. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015: 79: 1117-1156.
Cancerous tumours of the breast
Malignant tumours of the breast are cancerous growths that have the potential to spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Breast calcifications are deposits of calcium in the breast tissue. Most are not associated with breast cancer. Learn about the 2 types of calcifications.
Non-cancerous tumours of the breast
Learn about benign tumours of the breast – non-cancerous growths that do not spread to other parts of the body and are not usually life-threatening.
Non-cancerous conditions of the breast
Learn about benign (non-cancerous) conditions of the breast, such as breast cysts, which are not related to breast cancer and usually not life-threatening.