Symptoms of bone cancer
Symptoms of bone cancer include pain in a bone or joint and swelling or a lump that can be felt over a bone. Learn about the symptoms of bone cancer.
Diagnosis of bone cancer
Tests to diagnose bone cancer, such as x-rays, are done when symptoms are present or a doctor suspects bone cancer. Learn about diagnosing bone cancer.
Grading bone cancer
Grading is a way to classify bone cancer cells based on their appearance and behaviour when viewed under a microscope. To find out the grade of a tumour, a biopsy sample is examined under a microscope. A grade is given based on how the cancer cells look and behave compared with normal cells.
Stages of bone cancer
Staging is a way to describe or classify a cancer based on how much cancer there is in the body. The most common staging system for bone cancer is the TNM system.
If bone cancer spreads
Cancer cells have the potential to spread from the bone to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Metastases are also called secondary tumours.
Prognosis and survival for bone cancer
People with bone cancer may have questions about their prognosis and survival. Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor familiar with a person’s medical history, type of cancer, stage, characteristics of the cancer, treatments chosen and response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.
Supportive care for bone cancer
Supportive care helps people meet the physical, practical, emotional and spiritual challenges of bone cancer. It is an important part of cancer care. There are many programs and services available to help meet the needs and improve the quality of life of people living with cancer and their loved ones.