Veno-occlusive disease (VOD)
Veno-occlusive disease (VOD), which is also called sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), happens when the small blood vessels that lead into the liver and are inside the liver become blocked. VOD is caused by high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy given before an
Symptoms of VOD include:
- liver tenderness (under the ribs on the right side of the body)
- sudden weight gain
- liver enlargement
- liver failure
Preventing and managing VOD @(Model.HeadingTag)>
The drug defibrotide (Prociclide) may be used to prevent or treat VOD.
Most people have mild to moderate VOD. Some people recover without treatment within a few weeks or after they get more of the drugs given to suppress the immune system.
Sometimes VOD is severe and can lead to liver failure. If this happens, a liver transplant may be needed.
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Veno-occlusive disease. Beers, M. H., & Berkow, R., (Eds.). Merck Manual Professional Edition. 2016: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hepatic-and-biliary-disorders/vascular-disorders-of-the-liver/veno-occlusive-disease.
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