What is H. pylori?
Risk factors related to H. pylori infection include:
- crowded living conditions
- poor sanitation
- lower socio-economic status
H. pylori infection is a major cause of stomach (gastric) cancer. H. pylori causes long-lasting gastritis, which is thought to be the first step in developing stomach cancer.
But it’s important to know that fewer than 3% of people with H. pylori infection develop stomach cancer.
H. pylori infection is related to a higher risk of MALT lymphoma of the stomach. This is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Nearly all MALT lymphomas of the stomach are related to H. pylori infection. People infected with H. pylori have a low risk of developing MALT lymphoma (less than 1%).
Testing, treating and reducing risk of H. pylori
Routine testing for H. pylori is not recommended if you don’t have any symptoms or a history of peptic ulcer disease. Most experts agree that most people don’t need to be tested for H. pylori infection, but there is evidence to support testing and treating H. pylori in certain high-risk individuals.
There are 4 ways to test for H. pylori:
- breath test
- blood test
- stool test
Treating H. pylori infection @(Model.HeadingTag)>
How to reduce your risk of H. pylori infection @(Model.HeadingTag)>
The source of H. pylori isn’t known, so there aren’t specific recommendations for avoiding infection. In general, it’s always wise for you to:
- wash your hands well or use a hand sanitizer
- eat food that has been properly prepared
- drink water from a safe, clean source