Thyroid cancer

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer starts in the cells of the thyroid. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks in our guide to thyroid cancer.

Risk factors for thyroid cancer

Risk factors for thyroid cancer include exposure to radiation, non-cancerous thyroid conditions and family history. Learn about thyroid cancer risk.

Symptoms of thyroid cancer

A lump or swelling in the neck is a common sign of thyroid cancer. Learn about the signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer.

Diagnosis of thyroid cancer

Tests to diagnose thyroid cancer, such as biopsy, are usually done when signs or symptoms are present. Learn about diagnosing thyroid cancer.

Stages of thyroid cancer

Staging describes the extent of thyroid cancer in the body. Learn about the stages of thyroid cancer using the TNM (tumour, node, metastasis) system.

If thyroid cancer spreads

Cancer can spread from the thyroid to other parts of the body. This is called metastasis. Learn about common sites where thyroid cancer can spread.

Prognosis and survival for thyroid cancer

Learn about prognosis and survival for thyroid cancer. Important prognostic factors include the type of tumour and age.

Treatments for thyroid cancer

Treatments for thyroid cancer include surgery, radioactive iodine therapy and hormonal therapy. Learn about treatment plans and options for thyroid cancer.

Supportive care for thyroid cancer

Supportive care helps people with the physical and emotional aspects of thyroid cancer. Learn how to cope with issues like hypothyroidism and dry mouth.

Research in thyroid cancer

What’s new in thyroid cancer research, including diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and supportive care.

Thyroid cancer statistics

More women than men are diagnosed with thyroid cancer in Canada. Learn about incidence and mortality statistics for thyroid cancer.