Thyroid cancer

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer starts in thyroid gland cells. The most common types are papillary thyroid cancer and follicular thyroid cancer.

Risk factors for thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is usually the result of different risks which include ionizing radiation and non-cancerous conditions of the

Symptoms of thyroid cancer

Common signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer include a lump or swelling, hoarseness, a sore throat and difficulty swallowing.

Diagnosis of thyroid cancer

Tests such as blood tests, ultrasound and radioactive iodine tests can be used to diagnose or rule out thyroid cancer.

Stages of thyroid cancer

The stage of thyroid cancer describes how much cancer is in the body. Different staging systems are used for the different types of thyroid cancer.

If thyroid cancer spreads

Thyroid cancer can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the neck, lymph nodes and other parts of the body.

Prognosis and survival for thyroid cancer

Prognosis estimates the outcome for thyroid cancer. It depends on many factors including your age and the type and stage of the cancer.

Treatments for thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer can be treated with surgery, hormone therapy, active surveillance, radiation therapy, targeted therapy and chemotherapy.

Supportive care for thyroid cancer

Supportive care helps people meet the physical, emotional and spiritual challenges of thyroid cancer.

Thyroid cancer statistics

Cancer statistics tell us how many people in Canada are diagnosed with and die from thyroid cancer in a certain time frame.

Medical disclaimer

The information that the Canadian Cancer Society provides does not replace your relationship with your doctor. The information is for your general use, so be sure to talk to a qualified healthcare professional before making medical decisions or if you have questions about your health.

We do our best to make sure that the information we provide is accurate and reliable but cannot guarantee that it is error-free or complete.

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