If thyroid cancer spreads
Cancer cells can spread from the thyroid to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.
Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If thyroid cancer spreads, it can spread to the following.
Regional metastasis @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Regional metastasis means that the cancer has spread to organs or tissues close to or around the thyroid, including:
- muscles, blood vessels or nerves in the neck
- the larynx (voice box)
- the trachea (windpipe)
- the hypopharynx (bottom part of the throat)
- lymph nodes in the neck
- lymph nodes between the lungs (called mediastinal lymph nodes)
American Cancer Society. Thyroid Cancer. 2014: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thyroidcancer/detailedguide/index.
American Joint Committee on Cancer. AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook. 7th ed. Chicago: Springer; 2010.
Davidson BJ, Newkirk KA, Burman KD . Cancer of the thyroid and the parathyroid: general principles and management. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, Kies MS (eds.). Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014: 28A:779-824.