Symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma
Soft tissue sarcoma may not cause any signs or symptoms in its early stages. Signs and symptoms often appear as the tumour grows and presses on nerves, muscles or other parts of the body. Other health conditions can cause the same symptoms as soft tissue sarcoma.
The signs or symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma can vary depending on where the tumour starts in the body.
When soft tissue sarcoma starts in an arm, a leg, the trunk of the body or the head and neck area, the most common signs and symptoms are:
- a lump or swelling
- tenderness or pain
When soft tissue sarcoma starts in the abdomen, it may cause:
- a feeling of fullness
- pain in the abdomen or back
When soft tissue sarcoma starts in the
- nausea and vomiting
- blood in the stool
- pain in the abdomen
Other signs and symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma include:
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
- pain in the pelvis
- difficulty breathing
- abnormal bumps or patches on the skin
Expert review and references
American Cancer Society. Soft Tissue Sarcoma Early Detection, Diagnosis and Staging. 2014: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/soft-tissue-sarcoma/detection-diagnosis-staging.html.
American Society of Clinical Oncology. Sarcoma, Soft Tissue. 2017: https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/sarcoma-soft-tissue.
National Cancer Institute. Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. 2017: https://www.cancer.gov/types/soft-tissue-sarcoma/patient/adult-soft-tissue-treatment-pdq.
National Cancer Institute. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors Treatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. 2018: https://www.cancer.gov/types/soft-tissue-sarcoma/patient/gist-treatment-pdq.
National Cancer Institute. Kaposi Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. 2018: https://www.cancer.gov/types/soft-tissue-sarcoma/patient/kaposi-treatment-pdq.
Penn Medicine. All About Soft Tissue Sarcoma. University of Pennsylvania; 2016: https://www.oncolink.org/cancers/sarcomas/sarcoma-soft-tissue/all-about-soft-tissue-sarcoma.
Singer S, Tap WD, Crago AM, O'Sullivan B . Soft tissue sarcoma. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015: 90:1253-1291.