Prostate cancer

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What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer starts in prostate cells. The most common type is adenocarcinoma.

Risks for prostate cancer

Risks that increase your chances of developing prostate cancer include family history, Black ethnicity and obesity.

Finding prostate cancer early

The best ways to find prostate cancer early are to recognize symptoms and have a personal plan for testing if you have a higher risk.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

Common signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include changes in bladder habits, blood in the urine or semen and painful ejaculation.

Diagnosis of prostate cancer

Tests such as digital rectal exam (DRE), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and prostate biopsy can be used to diagnose or rule out prostate cancer.

Grading prostate cancer

Grading describes how cancer cells look compared to healthy cells. The Gleason classification system is most often used to grade prostate cancer.

Stages of prostate cancer

The stage of prostate cancer describes how much cancer is in the body. Prostate cancer is often staged as localized, locally advanced or metastatic.

If prostate cancer spreads

Prostate cancer can spread (metastasize) to the bladder, lymph nodes and bones.

Prognosis and survival for prostate cancer

Prognosis estimates the outcome for prostate cancer. It depends on many factors including stage, grade and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level.

Treatments for prostate cancer

Prostate cancer can be treated with active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and hormone therapy.

Supportive care for prostate cancer

Supportive care for prostate cancer helps people meet physical, emotional and spiritual challenges.

Prostate cancer statistics

Cancer statistics tell us how many people in Canada are diagnosed with and die from prostate cancer in a certain time frame.

Medical disclaimer

The information that the Canadian Cancer Society provides does not replace your relationship with your doctor. The information is for your general use, so be sure to talk to a qualified healthcare professional before making medical decisions or if you have questions about your health.

We do our best to make sure that the information we provide is accurate and reliable but cannot guarantee that it is error-free or complete.

The Canadian Cancer Society is not responsible for the quality of the information or services provided by other organizations and mentioned on, nor do we endorse any service, product, treatment or therapy.

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