Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer starts in the cells of the prostate. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks in our guide to prostate cancer.

Risks for prostate cancer

Having a family history is known to increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. Learn about prostate cancer risk.

Finding prostate cancer early

When prostate cancer is found early the chance of successful treatment is better. Learn about symptoms and tests that may help find prostate cancer early.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

Symptoms of prostate cancer include changes in bladder habits, blood in the urine or semen and painful ejaculation. Learn about symptoms of prostate cancer.

Diagnosis of prostate cancer

Diagnosis is the process of finding out the cause of a health problem. Diagnosing prostate cancer usually begins with a visit to your family doctor. Learn about diagnosing prostate cancer.

Grading prostate cancer

Grading is a way of classifying prostate cancer cells based on their appearance and behaviour when viewed under a microscope. To find out the grade of a tumour, the biopsy sample is examined under a microscope. The Gleason classification system is most often used to grade prostate cancer.

Stages of prostate cancer

Staging describes or classifies a cancer based on how much cancer there is in the body and where it is when first diagnosed. This is often called the extent of the cancer. Information from tests is used to find out the size of the tumour, which parts of the organ have cancer, whether the cancer has spread from where it first started and where the cancer has spread.

If prostate cancer spreads

Cancer cells have the potential to spread from the prostate to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Metastases are also called secondary tumours.

Prognosis and survival for prostate cancer

If you have prostate cancer, you may have questions about your prognosis. Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor familiar with a person's medical history, type of cancer, stage, characteristics of the cancer, treatments chosen and response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.

Treatments for prostate cancer

Treatments for prostate cancer include active surveillance, watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and hormone therapy. Learn about treatment plans and options for prostate cancer.

Supportive care for prostate cancer

Supportive care helps people meet the physical, practical, emotional and spiritual challenges of prostate cancer. It is an important part of cancer care. There are many programs and services available to help meet the needs and improve the quality of life of people living with cancer and their loved ones, especially after treatment has ended.

Research in prostate cancer

Our knowledge of cancer is always changing. Researchers and healthcare professionals take the knowledge gained from research studies and use it to develop practices that will help prevent, detect and treat prostate cancer as well as improve the quality of life of men with prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer statistics

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in Canadian men but causes fewer deaths than lung cancer. Learn about prostate cancer statistics.