Treatments for low-risk neuroblastoma
The following are treatment options for low-risk neuroblastoma. The healthcare team will suggest treatments based on your child's needs and work with you to develop a treatment plan.
Treatments for low-risk neuroblastoma may include:
- surgery alone
- chemotherapy with or without surgery
- radiation therapy (to relieve serious symptoms, if other treatments don't work)
- watchful waiting (in some cases)
Surgery is the main treatment for low-risk neuroblastoma. The type of surgery done will depend on where the tumour started, its size, how close it is to vital organs, major blood vessels and nerves and if it can be removed with surgery (if it is resectable).
If the surgeon can't remove all of the tumour, the tumour gets bigger after surgery or a tumour is causing symptoms, chemotherapy may be given.
Find out more about surgery for neuroblastoma.
Chemotherapy is sometimes used to treat low-risk neuroblastoma. Chemotherapy uses anticancer drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Chemotherapy may be given before surgery. It is used to shrink the tumour to control serious symptoms such as spinal cord compression (if the tumour is pressing on the spine) or difficulty breathing (if the liver is enlarged and crowding the lungs). This is done when the tumour can't be safely removed with surgery right away.
Chemotherapy may be given after surgery if the surgeon couldn't remove all of the tumour or if the child has serious symptoms that are not relieved with surgery.
Combination chemotherapy is often given for 2 to 4 cycles. The most common drugs used are:
- carboplatin or cisplatin
Radiation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Radiation therapy is rarely used to treat low-risk neuroblastoma. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays or particles to destroy cancer cells. It may be used to treat a tumour that is causing serious symptoms if they are not relieved with other therapies. These symptoms include spinal cord compression (if the tumour is pressing on the spine) or difficulty breathing (if the liver is enlarged and crowding the lungs).
Find out more about radiation therapy for neuroblastoma.
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Watchful waiting may be a treatment option for some neuroblastomas that don't need to be treated right away. It is sometimes used for babies younger than 6 months who have small tumours or babies with stage MS (4S) disease who have no symptoms.
Find out more about watchful waiting for neuroblastoma.
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Meredith Irwin, MD
Daniel Morgenstern, MD
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