Treatments for stage 1 nasopharyngeal cancer
Radiation therapy @(Model.HeadingTag)>
External beam radiation therapy is the main treatment for stage 1 nasopharyngeal cancer. A machine is used to direct radiation to the tumour and may also be given to lymph nodes in the neck (cervical lymph nodes) as a preventive measure.
The type of external beam radiation therapy most commonly used for stage 1 nasopharyngeal cancer is intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).
Surgery may be used to completely remove a small tumour that has not grown beyond the nasopharynx. The type of surgery used is a nasopharyngectomy, which removes part of the nasopharynx.
Clinical trials @(Model.HeadingTag)>
American Cancer Society. Nasopharyngeal Cancer. 2015: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/nasopharyngeal-cancer.html.
National Cancer Institute. Nasopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. 2015: https://www.cancer.gov/types/head-and-neck/hp/nasopharyngeal-treatment-pdq#section/all.
Ng WT, Ngan RKC, Chan SH, et al . Management of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Bernier J (ed.). Head and Neck Cancer: Multimodality Management. Springer; 2016: 26: 445 - 473.