neuroendocrine system


A network of cells throughout the body that have a structure similar to neurons (nerve cells) and produce hormones like endocrine cells. Neuroendocrine cells receive messages (electrical or chemical signals) from the nervous system and produce hormones in response.

The neuroendocrine system is made up of the diffuse neuroendocrine system (neuroendocrine cells and organs in different areas of the body) and the endocrine system (the pituitary, pineal, parathyroid and adrenal glands, thyroid, pancreatic islet cells and the ovaries or testicles).