What is melanoma skin cancer?

Melanoma is a cancer that most often starts in the skin.

Risk factors for melanoma skin cancer

Risk factors for melanoma include sun and ultraviolet radiation, number of moles and atypical moles. Learn about melanoma risk.

Finding skin cancer early

When non-melanoma is found early the chances of successful treatment are better. Learn what puts you at high risk for skin cancer and symptoms to watch for.

Signs and symptoms of melanoma skin cancer

Common signs and symptoms of melanoma skin cancer include a new mark on the skin and a mole that changes size, shape, colour or height.

Diagnosis of melanoma skin cancer

Tests to diagnose melanoma, such as biopsy, are done when symptoms suggest a problem or a doctor suspects melanoma.

Stages of melanoma skin cancer

The stage of melanoma skin cancer describes the size of the tumour, if cancer is in the lymph nodes and if it has spread (metastasized).

If melanoma skin cancer spreads

Melanoma skin cancer can spread (metastasize) to the lymph nodes, lung and liver.

Prognosis and survival for melanoma skin cancer

Prognosis estimates the outcome for melanoma skin cancer. It depends on many factors including the thickness of the tumour and how fast the cancer cells are growing.

Treatments for melanoma skin cancer

Melanoma skin cancer can be treated with surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy and radiation therapy. Sometimes chemotherapy is also used.

Supportive care for melanoma skin cancer

Supportive care for melanoma skin cancer helps people meet physical, practical, emotional and spiritual challenges.

Melanoma skin cancer statistics

Cancer statistics tell us how many people in Canada are diagnosed with and die from melanoma skin cancer in a certain time frame.

Medical disclaimer

The information that the Canadian Cancer Society provides does not replace your relationship with your doctor. The information is for your general use, so be sure to talk to a qualified healthcare professional before making medical decisions or if you have questions about your health.

We do our best to make sure that the information we provide is accurate and reliable but cannot guarantee that it is error-free or complete.

The Canadian Cancer Society is not responsible for the quality of the information or services provided by other organizations and mentioned on, nor do we endorse any service, product, treatment or therapy.

1-888-939-3333 | | © 2024 Canadian Cancer Society