Melanoma

What is melanoma skin cancer?

Melanoma is a cancer that most often starts in the skin. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks in our guide to melanoma.

Risk factors for melanoma skin cancer

Risk factors for melanoma include sun and ultraviolet radiation, number of moles and atypical moles. Learn about melanoma risk.

Finding skin cancer early

When non-melanoma is found early the chances of successful treatment are better. Learn what puts you at high risk for skin cancer and symptoms to watch for.

Signs and symptoms of melanoma skin cancer

Symptoms of melanoma include a new mark or spot on the skin and a mole or spot that changes size, shape, colour or height. Learn about symptoms of melanoma.

Diagnosis of melanoma skin cancer

Tests to diagnose melanoma, such as biopsy, are done when symptoms suggest a problem or a doctor suspects melanoma. Learn about diagnosing melanoma.

Stages of melanoma skin cancer

Staging is a way of describing or classifying a cancer based on the extent of cancer in the body. Staging is commonly used to plan treatment. The most common staging system for melanoma is the TNM system. Melanoma is also put into stage groupings (0,1,2,3,4) based on TNM.

If melanoma skin cancer spreads

Melanoma cancer cells have the potential to spread from the skin to other parts of the body where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis. The tumours are also called metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural).

Prognosis and survival for melanoma skin cancer

People with melanoma may have questions about their prognosis and survival. Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor familiar with a person’s medical history, type of cancer, stage, characteristics of the cancer, treatments chosen and response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.

Treatments for melanoma skin cancer

Treatments for melanoma include surgery, biological therapy, radiation and chemotherapy. Learn about treatment plans and options for melanoma.

Supportive care for melanoma skin cancer

Supportive care helps people meet the physical, practical, emotional and spiritual challenges of melanoma skin cancer. It is an important part of cancer care. There are many programs and services available to help meet the needs and improve the quality of life of people living with cancer and their loved ones, especially after treatment has ended.

Research in melanoma skin cancer

Researchers and healthcare professionals take the knowledge gained from research studies and use it to develop better practices that will help prevent, detect and treat melanoma, as well as improve the quality of life of people with melanoma.

Melanoma skin cancer statistics

The number of Canadians diagnosed with melanoma has been increasing. Learn about statistics for melanoma skin cancer in Canada.