Primary effusion lymphoma
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). It may also be called body cavity–based lymphoma.
PEL most often occurs in people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or AIDS. It can sometimes occur in people who have had organ transplants. PEL is often linked with
PEL is a very fast-growing (aggressive) type of NHL. It causes an abnormal buildup of fluid in the cavity (space) around the heart, the cavity around the lungs or the cavity in the abdomen. Lymphoma cells are found in the fluid in these body cavities.
PEL is treated with chemotherapy. People with HIV or AIDS will also be given highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
A combination of chemotherapy drugs is usually used to treat PEL. A common chemotherapy combination used is CHOP:
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Procytox)
- doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
- vincristine (Oncovin)
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