Reducing your risk for gallbladder cancer

You may lower your risk of developing gallbladder cancer by doing the following.

Have a healthy body weight

Research shows that overweight or obesity increases your risk of gallbladder cancer. You can lower your risk by having a healthy body weight. Eating well and being physically active can help you have a healthy body weight.

Find out if you’re at high risk for gallbladder cancer

Some people who have no symptoms but have large gallstones, large polyps or a porcelain gallbladder may have a higher than average risk for gallbladder cancer. Talk to your doctor about your risk. If you are at higher than average risk, you may need to visit your doctor more often to check for gallbladder cancer. Your doctor will recommend what tests you should have and how often you should have them.

More information about reducing your risk of cancer

Learn how cancer can be prevented and what you can do to reduce your risk.

Expert review and references

  • American Cancer Society. Gallbladder Cancer. 2018: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/gallbladder-cancer.html.
  • Biedrzycki B . Gallbladder cancer. Yarbro CH, Wujcik D, Holmes Gobel B, (eds.). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. 8th ed. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning; 2018: 55: 1563 - 1572.
  • Koshiol J, Ferreccio C, Devesa SS, Roa JC, Fraumeni JF, Jr. . Biliary tract cancer. Thun MJ (ed.). Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. 4th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2018: 34: 661 - 670.
  • Patel,T. and Borad, M.J. . Cancer of the biliary tree. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015: 53:715-733.
  • World Cancer Research Fund, American Institute for Cancer Research. Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: A Global Perspective. Third Expert Report ed. London: World Cancer Research Fund International; 2018: https://www.wcrf.org/dietandcancer/contents.