Treatments for acute lymphocytic leukemia
If you have acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), your healthcare team will create a treatment plan just for you. It will be based on your needs and may include a combination of different treatments. When deciding which treatments to offer for ALL, your healthcare team will consider:
- your age
- chromosome changes, or abnormalities
- the subtype of ALL
- your overall health
Response to treatment @(Model.HeadingTag)>
Knowing how well leukemia responds to treatment helps doctors determine prognostic risk group and plan future care. The goal of treatment is to reach a complete remission.
Complete remission, or complete response, means that the numbers of blood cells (red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets) have returned to normal levels and less than 5% of cells in the bone marrow are immature white blood cells (blast cells, blasts). There are no general signs or symptoms of ALL and no signs or symptoms that ALL has spread to the brain or spinal cord (called the central nervous system, or CNS) or anywhere else in the body.
Minimal residual disease (MRD) means that there are blasts in the bone marrow, but they can only be seen using very sensitive tests, such as flow cytometry or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The blasts can’t be seen with standard tests, such as looking at the cells under a microscope.
Active disease means that the leukemia is still present during treatment or the disease comes back (relapses) after treatment. Active disease means that more than 5% of cells in the bone marrow are blasts.
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